Volume & Issue
Country / Region
Peer-reviewed journal article
Amazon river dolphin
Reproduction, Genetics, Movements, distribution, Species review, behavior, Abundance, Habitat Use, Taxonomy
Species knowledge and understanding
All threats reviewed
In the last decades, knowledge about the biology of the Amazon River dolphin Inia geoffrensis has increased considerably. Accordingly, we present a review of the published literature on this river dolphin, with a focus on the topics with the most advancements and those that are important to the species’ conservation. We also present new information, including emerging knowledge on the other putative species of Inia. We summarize the current knowledge of the biology of Inia, aspects of taxonomy, distribution, life history and reproduction, genetics, anatomy and physiology, health, behavior, ecology, demographic parameters, and population trends. We also highlight the main anthropogenic threats affecting the species and the resulting conservation efforts.